The most important finding was that 87% of 여우알바 respondents agreed that companies that restructure leadership positions to improve productivity and spend more time away from the office will have a competitive advantage in attracting talent. In other words, working parents, especially women, have two full-time jobs6. Unsurprisingly, they began looking for flexible hours, part-time jobs, and career alternatives that allow for more than one model of success.
According to Timewise statistics, jobs in healthcare, social services, education or training are more often advertised as open to flexible jobs. Few jobs are openly advertised as part-time jobs, which means anyone who doesn’t want to work as usual may struggle to return from a career break or change jobs. But for many in the public sector, unpaid overtime means they still work 40 hours a week.
Research shows that one-third to half of women with young children want to work part-time for at least some time, despite losing wages and other benefits. In other words, part-time work is more closely associated with work-life conflict for women in an organization with a family-oriented organizational culture than in organizations with a less culture. In particular, the relationship between part-time work and work-life conflict does not differ for mothers and fathers, suggesting that these work-family policies can help both men and women reduce work-life conflicts.
The survey was conducted from September 15th to October 15th. On October 13, 2015, among 1,807 American parents with children under the age of 18, it was also shown that in two-parent families, the distribution of parental and family responsibilities was more equitable. Mothers and fathers work full-time than when fathers work full-time. day. Time and whether the mother is part-time. In families where the father works full-time and the mother works part-time, 63% of the people (71% for fathers and 57% for mothers) said that fathers are more focused on work or career relationships with their mothers in the family; about one-third (32%) said that both are equally attentive, and 4% said their mothers are more attentive.
Mothers were twice as likely as fathers to say working parents made it difficult for them to progress in a job or career. But a large percentage of respondents believe parenting is always or most of the time stressful, and this feeling is more common among parents who find it difficult to balance work and family life (32% vs. 15% of respondents). Indicates finding a job – life balance is not difficult for them). Overall, relatively few working parents (9%) said raising children was always stressful for them.
Research confirms that unworked life requires time and energy, highest during the stages of family life with young children at home and lowest during the stages of family life without children and after children have left home. Working hours, gender and family life have long been recognized and discussed as important determinants of work experience, but only a few studies have examined their interactive impact. The phases of family life describe the cycle of family life, divided into a sequence of successive phases, characterized by specific roles and needs for time and energy, both in the personal sphere and in the workplace.
In addition to the time off for caring for newborns or adopted children, dependent caregivers who are dependent on care have two different flexibility needs. Organizations that monopolize employees ‘working time challenge employees’ ability to perform well in other important roles in the family and society.
Conflict between work and personal life Work and family policies, including part-time work, are usually provided to employees with a clear intention to help them improve work-life balance or reduce work-life conflicts (Crompton & Lyonette, 2006). ). Due to cross-cultural differences in family structure, living standards, infrastructure, and cultural beliefs and customs, work and family policies also have varying degrees of effectiveness. In other parts of Europe, social policy is based on the employment of a family with only one breadwinner, women as auxiliary workers (for example in Germany and the Netherlands) or families with dual occupations (for example in France, Scandinavia) And Central and Eastern Europe) to the former communist countries) (Lewis 1997).
In Switzerland, low government support for female labor force participation, coupled with expensive childcare costs and relatively high wages, has led to a neo-traditional model (full-time work for men, part-time for women), which is the most common]. Among this cohort of British baby boomers, full-time, full-time men and women without partners or children are less likely to have paid work at age 60 than their early family peers. This is in stark contrast to the group who returned to part-time work after the first homeschooling and continued to work after age 60 (part-time work), in contrast to the group who took a break after the first homeschooling. , but resumed full-time work.
Mothers, and more generally all parents, can remain in the world of work into old age if they have access to work that allows them to combine family and work. Partly for social reasons and partly for strategic reasons, these companies and dozens of other companies create a work environment that allows people to give their best, without giving up family pleasures and responsibilities. Some provide every resident with free child care, universal health care and paid maternity leave, sometimes for a year; others require employers to provide such benefits; others, such as the United States, provide only minimal support, such as the first Family Leave Act, passed only in 1993, which legalized maternity leave, but only for twelve weeks, no pay, and only if employer of at least fifty full-time workers.
Due to the high proportion of women in the labor force and the high proportion of part-time workers, the Swiss data are suitable for investigating gender dynamics and time-work dynamics in shaping work and personal experience during the stages of family life. And while the rise in the number of family doctors working part-time has been linked to the feminization of medicine, with young working mothers allegedly unwilling to devote hours to senior family doctors, researchers have found that this is not the case.
The long-term effects of part-time work and interruptions in work on older men’s labor force participation cannot be studied in this cohort due to the small number of men who did not continue to work on a temporary basis. Those who have children later can still provide financial support, although in this case one would expect that men who have children later are also more likely to have a paid job at an older age, and this is not confirmed data.
While 49% of respondents were self-proclaimed workaholics, 64% of respondents said they would prefer more time to money at this stage in their lives. While we found no evidence that the relationship between part-time work and conflict between work and personal life was subordinated to managerial support, we found that employees with more supportive managers faced less conflict between work and personal life, regardless of whether in what period they worked. part. full or full time. Instead, Friedman said, workers need to rethink how different aspects of their lives affect each other.